In warmblood horses, one common cause is Osteochondrosis (OCD), a developmental syndrome that results in loose pieces of cartilage and bone being present in the joint. These “chips” often result in irritation of the joint, which can cause increased fluid—the bog spavin.
How do you treat bog spavin in horses?
Many horses with bog spavin do not require treatment. Rest and anti-inflammatory treatment such as phenylbutazone (bute) and topical anti-inflammatory gels can be useful in the early stages.
What causes bone spavin in horses?
Bone spavin is a bony growth within the lower hock joint of horse or cattle. It is caused by osteoarthritis, and the degree of lameness that results can be serious enough to end a horse’s competitive career.
Can you ride a horse with bone spavin?
It is best for a horse with bone spavin to be exercised daily. Preferably, this should be ridden or driven work, as lunging exercise places uneven stress on the joint. Pasture turnout may not be beneficial if the horse does not move much.
What does bog spavin describe?
Bog Spavin (also known as “serous tarsitis”) is a term used to describe distention or swelling of the uppermost hock joint (known as the tibiotarsal joint).
What does spavin mean?
: swelling especially : a bony enlargement of the hock of a horse associated with strain.
How do you treat a swollen hock?
Your vet will probably clip and disinfect the skin over the swelling, tap it (insert a needle into your horse’s bursa and withdraw fluid), and then inject a small amount of anti-inflammatory medication. He or she may also inject an astringent-type medication to help dry up the tissues.
What do splints look like in horses?
A Look at the Splint Bones
At their top/knee end, splints have a knob-like head, with the bone beneath gradually tapering down until it is very slender at the end. In the young horse (under the age of about 5), the splint bones are attached to the cannon bone by ligamentous tissue.
How do I know if my horse’s hocks are sore?
Problems in the hock joints tend to creep up gradually, and early signs can be subtle:
- Your horse may have an on-again off-again lameness, with or without noticeable heat or swelling.
- He may start out stiff but seem to “work out of it” as he warms up.
- He may resist going downhill or backing off the trailer.
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How long do hock injections last?
Hock injections can be effective anywhere from 6-12 months. If your hock injections are only lasting 8-10 weeks, your horse may be a candidate for laser arthrodesis (surgical fusion).
How long does it take for bone spavin to fuse?
Generally, fusion takes six to nine months to develop and, at most, 65% of treated horses are able to return to some work. An alternative means of fusion is to inject a chemical called sodium moniodoacetate (MIA) into the joints.
Are hock injections safe?
Joint injections can safely localize lameness or medicate a joint, but they might cause complications. Corticosteroid elimination varies depending on the dose used and the number of joints treated. Joint injections can safely localize lameness or medicate a joint, but occasionally they can cause complications, too.
What is a fused hock on a horse?
Fusion occurs when the juncture between the ends of two bones transforms from a mobile joint into a stable bony bridge, immobilizing that part of the hock. The joints in the lower hock naturally have minimal movement, which means their fusion can potentially relieve pain without inhibiting the horse’s stride.
How do you treat Thoroughpins?
Generally no treatment is necessary or recommended for routine cases of thoroughpin. Treatment can, however, include withdrawal of the fluid and injection of hyaluronate and/or a long-acting corticosteroid; these procedures may need to be repeated until the swelling does not recur.
Where is Hock on horse?
A horse’s hock is the evolutionary equivalent to the human ankle. When looking at a horse from the side, the point of the hock is the backward-pointed part halfway down the rear limb.
What is a curb on a horse leg?
Curb is a swelling or enlargement of this tissue that is generally caused by an injury, such as a sprain or strain of the ligament from work or exercise activities which can be exacerbated by a conformational abnormality of the hock. Curb in horses is defined as injury to the soft tissue behind the hock.