The equation to calculate NSC on an as-fed basis is: NSC (%) = 100 – moisture (%) – crude protein (%) – crude fat (%) – neutral detergent fiber (NDF) – ash (%). This calculation will measure all forms of sugar in the feed including simple sugars and polysaccharides such as starch.
What does NSC mean in horse feed?
Non-structural carbohydrates, or NSC, are the simple sugars and starches present in horse feed ingredients.
How is NSC calculated in hay?
Non-Structural Carbohydrates (NSC) — the total amount of sugar, starch, and fructan. To obtain %NSC, add together %WSC (water soluble carbohydrates) + %Starch. If your horse needs to have a low sugar/low starch diet, the %NSC should be <13% on a dry matter basis.
How do you calculate horse feed?
Horses should consume about 1.5 – 2.5% of their bodyweight per day according to their condition and workload, so to find out how much you need to feed your horse the first step is to calculate your horse’s bodyweight. There are a number of ways in which you can do this including using a weigh tape or a horse weigher.
How are horse feeds measured and weighed?
Feeds may be weighed in a similar manner using an empty pail or bag as a receptacle to hang from the scale. Simply fill your scoop with feed or grain and then empty it into the bag before hanging the bag on the scale. In this manner, you can determine the weight of all feedstuffs in each of the scoops you normally use.
What is the best horse feed on the market?
3 Best Horse Feed Brands
- Triple Crown. Triple Crown Offers nine different types of grain and seven different kinds of forage. …
- Nutrena Horse Feed. Nutrena offers thirty-three different types of grain, organized into seven product lines for different categories of horses. …
- Tribute Horse Feed.
What feed should my horse be on?
Many pleasure and trail horses don’t need grain: good-quality hay or pasture is sufficient. If hay isn’t enough, grain can be added, but the bulk of a horse’s calories should always come from roughage. Horses are meant to eat roughage, and their digestive system is designed to use the nutrition in grassy stalks.
What is low NSC hay?
Non-Structural Carbohydrates (NSC): This term is used to describe the sugar and starch content in hay. NSC’s are important, since these are the carbohydrates that are broken down and absorbed into the blood stream as glucose. Horses that are insulin resistant are typically put on low NSC “low-carb” diets.
What is a good TDN for hay?
Hay scoring between 54% and 57% TDN should meet most cow herd’s TDN requirement except for exceptionally heavy milking cows, late stage, first-calf heifers and those same heifers after calving. “In these cases, TDN in their forage or diet should be in the 60% plus range,” he says.
How do you test quality of hay?
The best technique for sampling baled hay is to use a mechanical coring probe. The serrated edge of the probe is placed on the side of a hay bale that is most resistant to puncture. This is usually the round side of a round hay bale or the small end of a square bale. A sample is obtained by drilling with a brace.
How long does a bag of horse feed last?
At the feed store you check the production date and note that the feed is already three weeks old. At most you can store this feed for about another nine weeks (or 63 days).
Is it OK to feed horses once a day?
Can you feed your horse once a day? Yes, you can feed your horse once a day as long as you make sure that the horses has enough feed. You will want to use a slow feeder or automatic feeder to ensure the feed lasts at least twelve hours if possible.
How many bales of hay does a horse need?
This is assuming the horse is not fed any other significant source of food, such as pasture or grain. An average sized hay bale (95 pounds) makes for an average of about 21 bales to a ton of hay. So, doing some quick math, that means that the average horse would eat 75 bales of hay a year.
How much does 1 scoop of horse feed weigh?
But back to horse feed. The ‘standard’ horse sized food scoop can hold 3 quarts, which is APPROXIMATELY 3 lbs of food. But again, this varies. If you have a kitchen scale, use this to weigh out one full scoop.
How many kg is a scoop of horse feed?
It is roughly the size of a rugby ball and, as a guide, we recommend that you do not exceed a total of 1.5 – 1.8kg or 3½ – 4lb (1 – 2 Stubbs scoops) per feed for a horse and 1.3 – 1.5kg or 3 – 3½ lb (1 – 1.5 Stubbs scoops) for a pony (including additional chaff or sugar beet, if fed).
How much grain does a horse need?
DON’T feed more than 11 pounds of grain per day, or 4-5 pounds of grain per feeding, or the horse’s colic risk increases sixfold. DON’T worry about too much protein making a horse hot. Only 10% of the horse’s energy comes from protein, so it is a very insignificant source. DON’T feed supplements unless they are needed.