Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that acts as an important antioxidant for horses. It helps maintain a healthy immune system and supports normal nerve and muscle function. Horses need vitamin E in their diet because they cannot synthesize it endogenously in their body.
How much vitamin E does a horse need daily?
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays a critical role in neuromuscular health. The National Research Council recommends horses consume 1-2 IU of vitamin E per kilogram of body weight per day, which equals 1,000-2,000 IU per day for a 500-kilogram (1,100-pound) horse.
Do horses need vitamin E supplements?
Vitamin E is an essential nutrient for horses and is beneficial in combating the many effects of free radical production that can damage membranes and components of cells. As such, vitamin E appears to be most beneficial to young rapidly growing foals, pregnant mares, stallions, and especially equine athletes.
How do I give my horse vitamin E?
Good-quality grass pasture is an excellent source of vitamin E in all natural forms. A horse that is sustaining itself on good-quality grass pasture will be consuming significantly more vitamin E than the NRC requirement. However, because vitamin E is not heat-stable, its levels in hay can decrease over time.
Can you overdose a horse on vitamin E?
There are no studies describing toxicity in horses from too much supplementation. Vitamin E can be toxic because it is stored in fat (lipid) and is not excreted like water soluble vitamins are.
What is the best vitamin E supplement for horses?
Elevate was developed to provide a highly bioavailable source of natural vitamin E (d-alpha-tocopheryl acetate) to horses. Vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant, limits the damage caused by everyday oxidative stress. It maintains healthy muscle and nerve function and supports a strong immune system in horses of all ages.
What are the side effects of taking vitamin E?
Safety and side effects
- Intestinal cramps.
- Blurred vision.
How do you test for vitamin E deficiency in horses?
How can I tell if my horse is deficient in vitamin E? Vitamin E is measured as alpha-tocopherol concentrations. A blood sample using serum or plasma is the most readily available way to determine alpha-tocopherol deficiency.
What causes vitamin E deficiency in horses?
And the longer the hay is stored before it is consumed, the more of its vitamin E is lost. So for horses whose forage comes primarily from hay, with little or no grazing, vitamin E deficiency is a possibility.
What causes muscle tying up in horses?
Tying-up can be extremely painful and horses experiencing an episode can refuse to move, or even act colicky depending on the severity of the episode and the specific muscles that it affects. Tying-up can be triggered by strenuous exercise in an unfit horse, stress, or even dietary imbalances.
What does vitamin E and selenium do for horses?
Antioxidants are molecules that function to protect the body’s cell membranes from being destroyed by free radicals, which are byproducts of normal oxygen metabolism. Selenium works synergistically with vitamin E, another important antioxidant and both are important for many functions throughout the body.
What are the symptoms of selenium deficiency in horses?
Deficiency in selenium can cause a variety of symptoms in horses, including myopathy (muscle disease), impaired movement, difficulty in suckling and swallowing, respiratory distress and impaired heart function.
Does vitamin E come in powder?
Natural vitamin E in free (non-esterified) form
Natural D-α-tocopherol is available in liquid form (up to 1300 IU/g) or in powdered form on silica or maltodextrin carriers (up to 950 IU/g).
Is vitamin E toxic?
Although vitamin E is a necessary nutrient, it’s possible to overdose on it — especially when taking supplements. Vitamin E toxicity can cause severe complications like blood thinning and may increase your risk of stroke and death from any cause.
Can a horse get too much calcium?
A phosphorus deficiency can show up as muscle weakness and trembling. If too much calcium or phosphorus is in the diet, several problems can occur. Too much of both of these minerals can cause problems, such as soft tissue becoming like bone.
Can you overdose a horse on magnesium?
Magnesium sulfate intravenously injected directly affects the heart, forcing it into a state of arrhythmia. When a magnesium overdose occurs, it can shut down cardiac function, result in subsequent collapse of the horse, and in some cases, death may occur. This practice should never be done.