What causes the thumps in horses?

Thumps is a condition that occurs in horses where there is an irregular spasming of the diaphragm, usually caused by dehydration due to fluid loss and related abnormal electrolyte levels, most often blood calcium. … It is most often seen in horses used for endurance riding but also occurs in other equine athletes.

How do you treat thumps in horses?

Therefore, the treatment for thumps is to restore the horse’s electrolyte balance. Calcium is typically the most important electrolyte to replace, and it may even need to be administered intravenously. The absence of blood calcium is primarily responsible for phrenic nerve agitation.

What are the thumps in horses?

Equine hiccups are more commonly referred to as ‘Thumps’, but are scientifically known as Synchronous Diaphragmatic Flutter (SDF). A horse with thumps will typically present with muscle twitching in their flanks, which are caused by abnormal contractions of the diaphragm.

Why is my horse hiccuping?

In horses, spasms of the diaphragm cause marked, and sometimes convulsive, twitching of the flanks that mirror heartbeat. … Though hiccups can be caused by any number of reasons in humans, the origin of thumps in horses can usually be traced to electrolyte imbalance.

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Should I give my horse electrolytes?

Your horse needs supplementary electrolytes during hard work or hot weather… as a general rule, whenever he’s under unusual stress. This may include long trailer rides (of one hour or more), particularly if he’s not accustomed to hauling, or if the weather is 80 degrees Fahrenheit or hotter.

What is the meaning of thumps?

(Entry 1 of 2) transitive verb. 1 : to strike or beat with or as if with something thick or heavy so as to cause a dull sound. 2 : pound, knock.

What does a horse with a lot of chrome mean?

Will Take Charge is an example of a horse with a lot of “chrome”. … If a horse is described as having “chrome”, it means that the horse has many white markings. One small star and one sock doesn’t really cut it.

How can you tell if a horse is dehydrated?

Pinch the skin near the point of the shoulder. If the skin snaps back quickly your horse is sufficiently hydrated. If it takes the skin two to four seconds to snap back, your horse is moderately dehydrated. If it takes longer than four seconds for the skin to snap back, your horse is severely dehydrated.

Do horses choke?

Horses can choke on many different types of feedstuffs, from a basic sweet feed and pelleted feeds to beet pulp and hay. Sometimes choke can happen from not chewing treats, carrots or apples properly. There are also some habits that make a horse more prone to choking.

Can horses burp?

They have a relatively small stomach and the valve between their esophagus and their stomach has a one-way action that allows food, fluid and gas in, but not out. That means that horses cannot vomit or belch.

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What does synchronous diaphragmatic flutter mean?

Synchronous diaphragmatic flutter (SDF; thumps, hiccups) refers to a rhythmic movement on the flank resulting from diaphragmatic contractions that are synchronous with the heartbeat.

Can you give a horse too much electrolytes?

It is very unusual for horses to be fed too much electrolyte, provided you stick to manufacturers’ recommendations. Signs that you are feeding too much electrolyte could include feed refusal, excessive drinking (more than four buckets per day), a very wet bed and/or loose droppings.

What is the best electrolyte for horses?

When looking for an electrolyte for your horse, sodium chloride should be listed first on the ingredient list, followed by potassium chloride as the second ingredient. Electrolytes can be sugar-based instead of salt-based.

How do I give my horse electrolytes?

An alternative recipe often used in endurance rides is a mixture of 2 parts of salt to 1 part Lo-salt again at 90g in 10 litres of water which would constitute 31% sodium, 58% chloride and 11% potassium¹⁰. Apple juice or squash can be added to mask the taste and encourage the horse to drink the electrolyte solution.

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