Blood tests can be used to look for antibodies to diseases such as equine infectious anaemia, equine viral arteritis, and piroplasmosis (a tick-borne disease). Negative test results will allow the horse to be bred or transported with no risk to other horses.
What conditions can blood tests show?
Blood tests can be used for many different things, including to check cholesterol and blood glucose levels. These help monitor your risk of heart and circulatory diseases and diabetes, or how your condition is being managed. Tests for different chemicals and proteins can indicate how your liver or kidneys are working.
When you get your blood drawn What do they test for?
When you’re in the hospital, you may have blood drawn for two common tests. A complete blood count (CBC) checks your blood for signs of infection, immune system problems, bleeding problems, and anemia (low iron). A blood chemistry panel gives your doctor information about your muscles, bones, heart, and other organs.
What does a low platelet count mean in horses?
In general, when platelet counts fall very low there is an increased risk of bleeding. Decreased numbers of platelets may be caused by drugs, toxins, or disorders of the bone marrow.
What causes high white blood cell count in horses?
An increase in white blood cells may occur as a result of exercise or excitement. This response, which is known as physiologic leukocytosis, is caused by increased epinephrine (the hormone adrenaline). Excitement may double the total white blood cell count within minutes.
Will doctors call if your results are bad?
If a normal or negative test result comes back, the physician can telephone the patient with the “good news,” and patients have the option of canceling the follow-up appointment. Although it is preferable to give bad news face-to-face, there may be times when giving bad news over the phone is unavoidable.
What are the three main blood tests?
A blood test is typically composed of three main tests: a complete blood count, a metabolic panel and a lipid panel. Each test for different things, which can be understood through a detailed analysis of the results.
What diseases do not show up in blood tests?
Neurological disease such as stroke, motor neurone disease, Alzheimer’s and multiple sclerosis aren’t diagnosable from blood tests.
What causes high liver enzymes in horses?
Bile acid concentrations, which generally are considered a liver function test, can be increased in some horses with intestinal disorders, such as colic, enteritis, and equine dysautonomia. Moderate to markedly increased bile acid concentrations in horses with colic are associated with a guarded prognosis.
How do you know if your horse is anemic?
Symptoms of anemia in horses may include one or more of the following:
- Loss of appetite.
- Lack of energy.
- Poor performance.
- Elevated heart rate.
- Pale mucous membranes.
Why is horse plasma yellow?
Yellow discoloration of the plasma, though normal (within limits) in horses and cattle (due to carotenoids), is evidence of hyperbilirubinemia (icterus) in dogs and cats. This is termed icterus and is graded mild, moderate or marked (subjectively).
How do you fix high white blood cell count?
To lower your high white blood cell count, you should include the following in your diet: Vitamin C. Eating Vitamin C will help regulate the levels of white blood cells in your body. Fruits like lemons, oranges, and lime are rich in vitamin C, and so are papayas, berries, guavas, and pineapples.
What does high fibrinogen mean in horses?
Increased fibrinogen concentration is associated with a wide variety of inflammatory diseases and may be the only indicator of inflammation if the accompanying leukogram is normal. Plasma fibrinogen may also be increased with dehydration and may be decreased with severe hepatic disease because of decreased production.
What is AST in horses?
Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) – Elevated AST levels are seen in cases of acute liver or muscle damage. Levels peak 24 – 48 hours following injury and will return to normal 10 – 21 days following resolution. Combined with CK measurements, AST provides a useful measurement of muscle damage in cases of ‘tying up’.