Happily, true fits are relatively uncommon within the equine world — and adult horses especially appear to have a high seizure threshold compared with other species. Inherited epilepsy, a cause of seizures among dogs, probably does not even occur in horses at all. A fit, or seizure, is not a condition in itself.
What can cause a horse to have a seizure?
Seizures in horses can be caused by something going on inside the brain (intracranial disease), such as a brain tumor or brain injury. Problems outside the brain can also lead to seizures (extracranial disease), including toxins or metabolic problems. If your horse has had a seizure, contact us right away.
What does it look like when a horse has a seizure?
The most common sign of epilepsy is seizures. The horse will usually become unconscious, collapse, tremble and shake. Its ears or tail may tremble, while its eyes will glaze over, giving a distant or vacant appearance. It is something very disconcerting to witness.
Can a horse have a seizure from colic?
Seizure-like activity can also occur at the end stage of any severe acute disease, i.e. when a horse is dying. The distressed activity of a horse in abdominal pain (colic) is sometimes confused with seizure. Probably the most common occurrence of seizure follows an attempt at intravenous (IV) injection of a medication.
What does it mean when a horse is neurological?
Neurologic signs include symmetric ataxia, which typically progresses from the rear of the horse forward. It starts with urinary incontinence and poor tone of the anus and tail before moving to incoordination, paralysis and recumbency. The disease is contagious, and vaccination affords no protection.
Can Cushing’s cause seizures in horses?
Seizures are rare in the horse, and adult horses especially have a high seizure threshold. Cushing’s disease can cause seizures, but they are very rarely seen with this disease.
Can a horse recover from a stroke?
If your horse is diagnosed and treated promptly, he may recover fully; but a severe or longstanding case may cause lasting neurologic deficits.
How do I know if my horse has EPM?
Paralysis of muscles of the eyes, face, or mouth, evident by drooping eyes, ears, or lips; Loss of sensation of the face; Difficulty swallowing; and. Head tilt with poor balance—the horse might assume a splay-footed stand or lean against stall walls for support.
What are the symptoms of EPM in a horse?
- Ataxia (incoordination), spasticity (stiff, stilted movements), abnormal gait or lameness;
- Incoordination and weakness, which worsens when going up or down slopes or when head is elevated;
What causes neurological problems in horses?
Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) is the most common infectious cause of neurologic lameness. Rarer infectious causes include tetanus, botulism, Lyme disease, rabies, West Nile virus, equine encephalomyelitis, and equine herpesvirus-1.
What to do when a horse has a seizure?
Treatment of Seizures in Horses
There are two types of medications on the market that will help control seizures in horses. Diazepam or better known as Valium, and Phenobarbital are prescribed to control seizures.
Can a horse fully recover from EPM?
In fact, 80% to 90% recover completely. Horses that have mild cases tend to have a lower rate of relapse. If your horse has a severe case of EPM, the prognosis is not as good. 10% or less achieve full recovery, and the sicker the horse, the more likely it is they will have a relapse.
What causes wobbler syndrome in horses?
The exact cause of wobbler syndrome in horses is unknown. It is believed that the syndrome is caused by genetic predisposition, feeding excessive amounts of energy and other nutrients, rapid growth, physical trauma, decreased copper/ increased zinc levels, or a combination of these factors.
What is the most common neurological disorder?
Epilepsy is the most common serious brain disorder worldwide with no age, racial, social class, national nor geographic boundaries.