Wet hay typically goes through a fermentative state, of sorts, and it would not be good for the horse to eat it while this was happening,” she continued. Caution should be used in purchasing hay that was wet when baled. … “If the hay is put up with too much moisture, there is risk for mold and dust proliferation.
What happens if a horse eats wet hay?
Hay that does ferment will lose some nutritional value and could become moldy and dusty. The level of nutrient loss, mold, and dust will depend on the moisture level. Beyond the lowered nutritional value there’s also a danger when storing damp hay because fermentation might cause the bales to self-combust.
Is it OK to feed horses wet hay?
Truth: Rained-on hay can be acceptable quality. While rain usually negatively affects hay, to what degree depends on several factors, including what type of hay is being harvested, how much rain fell and how intensely, stage of curing when it rained, and what the producer does to counteract these negative effects.
Why do you wet hay for horses?
Why soak hay? The reason we soak hay for horses suffering from laminitis, equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) or insulin resistance (IR) is to reduce the amount of water-soluble carbohydrates (sugars) in the hay. It is well known that feeding hay with high levels of water-soluble carbohydrates can lead to laminitis.
Is wet hay bad?
“Excessive moisture is the most common cause of hay fires,” Schroeder says.” Odd as it might seem, wet hay is more likely to lead to a spontaneous-combustion fire than dry hay.” High-moisture haystacks and bales can catch on fire because they have chemical reactions that build heat.
Can soaked hay cause colic?
To avoid dehydration, you can add water to their bucket feed and soak or steam the hay prior to feeding to help bring more water into the gut. … Changes to feeding frequency, type, quantity or quality of feed can cause colic due to improper fermentation in the gut or an obstruction.
When can you feed this years hay to horses?
In perfect conditions — where the hay has been baled at less than 12% moisture and is very dry — it is safe to feed straight away, but this isn’t often the case, Tim explains: “The main reason for allowing a period of anywhere between two and eight weeks before feeding freshly made hay is to allow for a process called …
Can moldy hay kill a horse?
Moldy hay can kill a horse. It’s a cause of colic that can be fatal, and some types of mold are toxic to horses. And inhaled mold spores enter horses’ respiratory systems when they eat, causing heaves or other chronic respiratory diseases.
Is first or second cutting hay better for horses?
Timothy hay is one of the most popular hays fed to horses. … Timothy must be harvested in the pre- or early-bloom stage to ensure a high nutrient content. The first cutting usually has a higher weed content, and quality decreases after the second cutting, so the second cutting is usually the best to feed.
Will dusty hay hurt horses?
Moldy hay can result in dry matter and nutrient loss and produce spores and dust. … Horses are particularly sensitive to dust from mold spores and can develop a respiratory disease like asthma in humans called Recurrent Airway Obstruction (RAO), commonly referred to as heaves.
How long do I soak hay for horses?
⏱ For overweight horses, hay should be soaked for about 5 to 10 hours. That’s about the time between two meals! According to some studies, such a soaking time reduces soluble sugars by 2 to 54% and proteins by 2 to 15% (this depending on the hay quality) .
Why do you steam horses for hay?
Hay steaming is a method of treating hay to reduce the airborne respirable dust which naturally occur in hay, causing respiratory problems in both humans and horses when in close contact.
How many pounds of hay does a horse need daily?
Once you figure out how much your horse’s typical ration weighs, measure that portion at feeding time using a scoop, coffee can, or whatever suits your needs. The average thousand-pound horse who relies on hay for all their forage typically eats fifteen to twenty pounds of hay per day.
Is it OK to cut hay in the rain?
Rainfall will extend the length of time that the hay is wetter than 50% moisture, leading to more loss of sugars from respiration. Rainfall also leaches the soluble sugars from hay, he explains. … In the 1980 research, 1 inch of rain that fell soon after cutting had little negative impact on forage digestibility.
Why do farmers cut hay at night?
Some basic plant physiology concepts drive the preference for PM-cut hay. Plants accumulate carbohydrates in the form of sugars and starches through photosynthesis during the daylight hours. … The Western states’ research showed that they were able to hold the advantage of PM-cut hay through feeding.
Can wet hay spontaneously combust?
Actually, wet hay is more likely to lead to spontaneous combustion than dry hay. If wet hay with more than 22% moisture is stored in a barn or stacked then the risk of spontaneous combustion is increased.