By far the most prevalent equine allergy is hypersensitivity to the saliva from insect bites. The most severe form of this allergy is sweet itch (also known as summer itch and equine insect hypersensitivity), a reaction to tiny biting midges (Culicoides spp.).
What are horses allergic to eat?
Diet items reported to cause adverse food reactions in horses include lucerne, barley, beet pulp, bran, buckwheat, chicory, clover, malt, oats, potatoes, St. John’s Wort, and wheat, feed additives.
Does my horse have allergies?
The most common types of allergic reactions in horses show up in the skin or respiratory system. In the skin, you may notice your horse vigorously itching an area or overcome with hives. For a respiratory reaction, your horse may begin coughing, sneezing or wheezing, but without nasal discharge.
How common is a horse allergy?
Unlike 100 years ago, however, most of us don’t come into daily contact with horses. Despite this, horse allergy is not that rare, affecting as many as 5% of people with allergies. 1 Horse dander is able to travel long distances in the air and has been found hundreds of yards away from horse stables.
What can you give horses for allergies?
Your veterinarian can prescribe several medications to calm an allergic response. Dexamethasone or other corticosteroids are effective for treating severe reactions. If your horse is only moderately itchy or has hives, antihistamines can be useful.
Can horses eat bananas?
Bananas are a healthy source of potassium for horses and are a fruit they really enjoy eating. Bananas are a very popular food for riders to give their race horses as they give that extra boost of energy. You can feed bananas to horses with the skin still on as the whole fruit is beneficial for their health.
Are apples bad for horses?
Almost any fruits, and many vegetables, are safe treats for healthy horses. … Apples and carrots are traditional favorites. You can safely offer your horse raisins, grapes, bananas, strawberries, cantaloupe or other melons, celery, pumpkin, and snow peas.
How do you stop horse allergies?
The most effective treatment for horse allergies is to avoid horses, stables, and being around clothing or other items that may have come in contact with horses. However, this isn’t always possible, especially if you work with horses for a living. Treatments include: Immunotherapy.
Can horses be allergic to pollen?
Horses can become allergic to various types of pollen. Affected horses show signs of respiratory disease, such as coughing and mucus, or they can develop skin irritations that are often itchy, such as hives.
Can horses have seasonal allergies?
Like many humans, horses can also develop seasonal allergies, and the symptoms can be as varied as they are with humans. Some of the common allergens for horses are the same as they are with humans, but an individual horse can be allergic to highly specific substances.
Can horses be allergic to grass?
Horses can be allergic to grass via consumption, coming into contact with it, or inhalation of the pollen. If your horse is experiencing any type of respiratory distress from an inhalation allergy, it needs to be treated as a medical emergency.
Is there a hypoallergenic horse?
Curlies are claimed to be the only hypoallergenic horse breed; most people allergic to horses can handle Curly Horses without suffering any allergic reaction.
Can I give my horse human antihistamines?
They are generally considered safe, but are of questionable value. Extra-label use of human antihistamines is also common in equine practice. Examples of these medications include hydroxyzine, diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and cetirizine, among many others.
How do you treat a horse with pollen allergies?
The problem can be reduced by keeping the stable as dust free as possible, soaking the hay in water before feeding, storing the hay away from the horses stable and allowing as much fresh air into the stable as possible.
What antihistamines are safe for horses?
Over the counter diphenhydramine (Benadryl) or comparable antihistamines can be used in an emergency for horses with severe hypersensitivity or allergy.
Can horses take Zyrtec?
It is concluded that cetirizine in doses of 0.2-0.4 mg/kg bw administered at 12 h intervals exhibits favourable pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties without causing visible side effects, and the drug may therefore be a useful antihistamine in equine medicine.