Conclusions: Dexamethasone administered i.v. has a rapid onset of action in RAO-affected horses. Oral administration of a bioequivalent dose of the same solution to fasted horses is as effective as i.v. administration and tends to have longer duration of action.
Can injectable dexamethasone be given orally to horses?
Dexamethasone is prescribed to treat a variety of equine conditions, including arthritis, allergic reactions, and heaves. The drug is commonly administered orally (PO), intravenously (IV), or intramuscularly (IM), and its absorption rates via these methods has been studied.
How much dexamethasone do you give a horse?
Equine – DEXAMETHASONE INJECTION 2 mg/mL – 2.5 to 5 mg intravenously or intramuscularly. Dexamethasone Powder may be administered or the parenteral dose repeated as needed.
How much Dex do I give a horse with hives?
Dexamethasone can be given IV, IM and the solution can even be given orally (it is absorbed quite well from the GI tract). In an emergency case of hives or wheals in which you cannot contact your vet, you could give 1cc per 100 lbs (of the 2mg/ml strength) by either IM or oral route.
Can you give flunixin orally to horses?
Flunixin injectable solution can be administered BY MOUTH.
I can tell you from personal experience (accidental splatter) it tastes terrible but it does work in horses. The injectable formulation of flunixin can be administered by mouth at the same dose as IV use.
What is dexamethasone used for in horses?
Dexamethasone commonly is used in horses to treat allergic reactions such as respiratory allergies, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (heaves), hives, itching and inflammatory diseases including arthritis.
Is dexamethasone a strong steroid?
Dexamethasone is long-acting and is considered a potent, or strong, steroid. It is 25 times more potent than hydrocortisone. The initial dosage of dexamethasone may vary from 0.75 to 9 mg a day, depending on the condition being treated.
What can I give my horse for heaves?
The most important source for these inciting agents are hay — particularly round bale hay — and bedding, such as straw. Horses with heaves ideally should be at pasture with fresh grass as the source of roughage, supplemented with pelleted feed.
How long does it take for dexamethasone to work in horses?
Dexamethasone per os was effective within 6 h with peak effect at 24 h at a dose of 0.164 mg/kg bwt prior to feeding. The duration of effect was, for all dexamethasone treatments, statistically significant for 30 h when compared to saline and tended to have a longer duration of effect when used orally.
How much exceed do you give a horse?
Administer two intramuscular injections to the horse, four days apart (96 hours), at a dose of 1.5 mL per 100 pounds of body weight (3.0 mg/lb. or 6.6 mg/kg). A maximum of 20 mL per injection site may be administered.
How long do joint injections last in horses?
Hock injections can be effective anywhere from 6-12 months. If your hock injections are only lasting 8-10 weeks, your horse may be a candidate for laser arthrodesis (surgical fusion).
Why is my horse covered in bumps?
The most common reason that horses develop many small bumps on their skin is allergic hives (urticaria), but there are other causes that should also be considered. If the bumps appeared very suddenly and are distributed all over the body, it is likely true hives.
What can I give my horse for hives?
In more severe cases, treatment may be indicated with epinephrine and corticosteroids.” Although antihistamines don’t seem to work very well for acute hives, an antihistamine like hydroxyzine might limit the allergic response.
How many days can you give banamine to a horse?
Treatment may be given by intravenous injection and repeated for up to 5 days. Studies show onset of activity is within 2 hours. Peak response occurs between 12 and 16 hours and duration of activity is 24-36 hours.
Does Bute calm a horse down?
It’s important to remember that bute – indeed, any NSAID – will not fix anything. It will reduce inflammation and therefore pain, and make the horse more comfortable while its injury or problem heals.
What can you give a horse for pain?
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most commonly used drug for pain management in horses. Examples include bute (e.g. Equipalazone), flunixin (e.g. Equinixin or Finadyne) and meloxicam (eg. Metacam or In acam). These medications relieve pain and help in the reduction of inflammation and fever.